Whenever you image a ravishing smile, you usually envision wholesome, white tooth. However the gums that assist your tooth must also be considered. Some people with inconsistent or diversified gum coloration might have aesthetic considerations about their smiles regardless of a mouthful of pretty tooth. These individuals have a situation known as gingival (gum) hyperpigmentation.
What’s Gingival Hyperpigmentation?
The colour of gum tissue can really be as diversified as our pores and skin tones. Generally people have black or brown pores and skin splotches on their gum tissue, which is brought on by extra melanin. Whereas usually not of a well being concern, this situation might trigger people to really feel much less assured about their smiles.
Causes of Gum Hyperpigmentation
Whereas gingival hyperpigmentation is often benign and extra widespread in dark-skinned people, it could happen in any ethnicity. Darkish spots on the gums may also be brought on by tobacco utilization (smoking or chewing). Following tobacco use cessation, the gums will usually lighten. Different causes of gingival hyperpigmentation can embody:
- Unwanted side effects of sure medicines, equivalent to minocycline, a tetracycline antibiotic
- Addison’s illness (an endocrine dysfunction)
- Genetic predisposition
- Ulcerative gingivitis
- Amalgam “tattoo” (when a silver filling leaches into the gum tissues)
Laser Surgical procedure Gum (Gingival) Depigmentation for Lengthy-Time period Outcomes
As we speak’s most secure and simplest therapy to focus on gum hyperpigmentation is through laser gum lightening, a process that produces nice outcomes and is much less traumatic than different procedures (scalpel surgical procedure, for example). Whereas different bleaching procedures merely take away the superficial cells that trigger discoloration, laser gum depigmentation removes the precise melanocytes, the pores and skin cells that include and produce the melanin pigment that causes discoloration. The benefit of that is that these cells don’t multiply typically and as soon as being eliminated the end result might be very lengthy lasting.
Our apply’s expertise matches that of many different medical research that present that laser therapy for gum hyperpigmentation leads to gingiva (gum) hues that match the unique non-pigmented gingiva. In lots of cases, solely the maxillary (high) dental arch is handled because the mandibular (backside) arch isn’t typically seen when smiling.
Are You a Candidate for Laser Gum Depigmentation?
People who’ve wholesome smiles however are sad with the colour of their gum tissue can think about laser gum lightening. Those that have had points with gum illness will most definitely require antibiotics to make sure there isn’t a an infection current. The process is just about pain-free. Most people, actually, can return to regular actions after therapy, with a full therapeutic course of often full inside two weeks. Outcomes can final a lifetime.
Case Historical past Instance Earlier than and After:
The thirty-two-year-old feminine was handled with the Millenium MVP-7 laser. Two weeks post-op the hue of her gingiva carefully matches the unique non-pigmented gingiva. Lengthy-term outcomes are achieved with the removing of melanocytes within the basal lamina with out affecting any useful comfortable and arduous tissue.
Philip L. Fava, II, DMD, MDSc is a periodontist and dental implant surgeon who practices on the Pennsylvania Middle for Dental Implants and Periodontics, with two places at Einstein Middle One, Suite 211-212, 9800 Bustleton Avenue, Philadelphia, PA 19115 and 140 East Butler Avenue, Ambler, PA 19002. The apply presents “All-on-4™ dental implants; SameDay Smile® or “Smile Zone” dental implants; implant, crown and bridge implant restorations; Pinhole gum rejuvenation; reconstructive dental surgical procedure in addition to LANAP® and different remedies for gum illness.
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